Professional terminology related to LCD

Feb 27, 2021 | Articles

Professional terminology related to LCD

LCD: (LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY) Liquid Crystal Display

LCM: (LIQUID CRYSTAL MODULE) LCD Module

TN: (TWISTED NEMATIC) Distorted directional column. Liquid crystal molecules distort their orientation by 90┬░.

STN: (SUPER TWISTED NEMATIC) Super Twisted Nematic Column. Approx. 180-270┬░

CSTN: Color STN LCD

TN (Twist Nematic)

SBE (Super-twisted Birefringence Effect)

ECB (Electrically Controlled Birefringence)

FLC (Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal)

STN (DSTN, FSTN)

UFB: Ultra Fine Brightness

UFC: Ultra Fine Contrast

FSTN (FORMULATED SUPER TWISTED NEMATIC) Formatted super twisted vector columns. On the first floor, there is an optical range compensator added to the STN for a monochrome display.

TFT: (thin-film transistor)

BLACK LIGHT: Backlight

INVERTER: Inverter

OSD: (ON SCREEN DISPLAY) Displayed on the screen

DVI: Digital Interface (DIGITAL VISUAL INTERFACE)

TMDS: (transaction minimized differential signing)

LVDS: (Low Voltage Differential Signaling)

IC: Integrated Circuit (INTEGRATE CIRCUIT)

TCP: (TAPE CARRIER PACKAGE) flexible circuit board

COB: (CHIP ON BOARD) secures the IC die to the board by binding

COF: (CHIP ON FPC) secures the IC to the flexible circuit board.

COG: (CHIP ON GLASS) to hold the chip to the glass

DUTY: Duty cycle ratio, the proportion of the portion of a cycle above the lit threshold voltage

LED: (Light Emitting Diode)

EL: (ELECTRO LUMINESCENCE) Electroluminescence. el layer consisting of high molecular weight sheets

CCFL: (CCFT) COLD CATHODE FLUORESCENT LIGHT/TUBE Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp

PDP: (PLASMA DISPLAY PANEL) plasma display

CRT: Cathode ray tube (CATHODE RADIAL TUBE)

VGA: (VIDEO GRAPHIC ARRAY) video graphics array

PCB: (PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD) Printed Circuit Board

S-VIDEO: S terminal, with composite video signal ratio, transmits contrast and color separately

NTSC: (National Telecommunications Systems Committee)

PAL: (PHASE ALTERNATING LINE)
SECAM: (SEQUENTIAL COULEUR MEMOIRE)

VOD: (VIDEO ON DEMAND) video on demand

DPI: (DOT PER INCH) points per inch

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