How To Select The Right Touchscreen Technology?



  1. What Is Touchscreen Technology?
  2. Multi-Touch Gestures
  3. Important things to consider when choosing a touchscreen technology
  4. What is the planned use of the device?
  5. Which touch features are required?
  6. How will the touchscreen be activated?
  7. What is the required environment to use touchscreen?
  8. What is the price point?
  9.  How many actuations does the touchscreen need to manage?
  10.  Final Words 

Touchscreens grow in popularity as a part of user interface systems and become a critical design decision. Each type of touchscreen, resistive or projected capacitive, offers many advantages. 

Do you want to know how to select the one that provides the optimal user experience from the wide variety of touchscreen options?

1. What Is Touchscreen Technology?

Traditional input devices for computer systems contain keyboards and mice. Touchscreen technology has become widely used to interact with computer systems and mobile devices.

A touchscreen is an electronic visual display that a user controls by touching the screen with fingers. A touchscreen allows more direct interaction with what is displayed than a mouse device. Touchscreens have become very common on smartphones, tablet computers, and other mobile devices. Additionally, standard laptops and desktop computers use touchscreen displays to use both touches and more traditional ways of input.

The first major successful technology was the resistive touchscreen, which uses a panel including two thin, electrically charged layers separated by a narrow space. These two layers touch by pressing the panel, and the location of the connection is recorded as the input. Resistive touchscreens are somewhat cheap and resistant to liquids, but they have relatively poor contrast, and you need to press them down with some pressure. Resistive touchscreens did not become widely used for computer systems but developed as part of other electronic systems. For instance, control panels in factories and the display screens used in restaurants to enter orders are resistive touchscreens.

The second major technology used in touchscreens is the capacitive touchscreen, which uses a layer of insulating material, such as glass, coated with a transparent conductor and touching the screen with your finger changes the screen’s electrostatic field. Several approaches can be used to record the location of the touch. Using a fine grid of capacitors is one of the most common ways to record the electrostatic field’s change. 


2. Multi-Touch Gestures

Touchscreen technology works similar to a computer mouse at a basic level. Instead of moving your pointer with a mouse, press the location with your finger. Multi-touch technology makes it possible to interact with the computer display in many ways. With touchscreen technology, tasks like scrolling up and down a web page, selecting text and drag-and-drop have become quite different. This figure shows several single and multi-touch gestures.


Things To Consider When Choosing A Touchscreen Technology

There are some important things you need to know while choosing a touchscreen, which are given below.

3. What Is The Intended Use Of The Device?

The first step is to precisely define what the device will be used for and which touchscreens are feasible. For instance,

Is the screen intended for an inexpensive toy where durability is not a huge concern?

Will your display be for a military application, subject to harsh conditions? 

Both situations require different durability, functionality, pricing, and input registration screen technologies. The next step is to figure out which functionalities are necessary once you have narrowed down the planned use for the display.


4. Which Touch Features Are Required?

You should know about users’ preferences; for example, will users only need to select single inputs with one finger on your device? 

If Yes, a standard 4-wire resistive touchscreen is perhaps a perfect option for them. A 4-wire resistive touchscreen’s simple construction handles this without adding much cost. However, if users need to zoom, scroll, or activate features with multiple touchpoints, that will narrow the selection to screens with multi-touch functionality, such as a projected capacitive or a resistive multi-touch screen.

5. How Will The Touchscreen Be Activated?

Given how touchscreens register inputs, activating the screen is an important consideration. 

Will the user wear gloves or another object to touch the screen? If so, specific types of touchscreens are necessary to register those inputs. While the sensitivity of a projected capacitive touchscreen can be adjusted to note certain styluses and gloves, the object used must be able to disrupt the capacitive field. A resistive touchscreen is optimal for applications where other input devices can register inputs from nearly any object.


6. What Is The Environment To Use Touchscreen?

Where the touchscreen will activate is another essential factor to consider.

Is it subject to drastic cleaning agents in a medical setting?

Will it be used in an industrial environment to repeat impacts? 

 PCAP technology is ideal if durability is a vital concern, given that damage to the cover glass does not change its ability to register inputs correctly. Resistive screens meet performance requirements for softer environments without adding additional cost.

7. What Is The Price Point?

Resistive touchscreens still tend to be cheaper, as PCAP touchscreens technology becomes more popular and its cost decreases. If you are looking for a touchscreen for a game, toy, or other cheap application, a simple 4-wire resistive touchscreen may add unnecessary cost to the device. However, a projected capacitive screen will be worth the additional cost in the case of a computer, smartphone, or other costly application that requires a high-end look.

8. How Many Actuations Does The Touchscreen Require To Handle?

Different touchscreen constructions are ranked for different numbers of actuations. A 4-wire or 8-wire resistive touchscreen will be optimal for a device that needs to remain accurate only for a few thousand actuations. In contrast, if the device will require significantly more usage, a 5-wire touchscreen is a better choice. However, a projected capacitive screen would be ideal if a display handles millions of actuations, as it can maintain its accuracy over infinite inputs.


9. Final Words

All the above questions are a great start, and this is far from a comprehensive list of variables to consider when deciding on the optimal touchscreen technology. Please schedule a consultation with our experts to discuss your project requirements and custom solutions.


Things You Should Know When Choosing a Resistive Touchscreen



1. What is a resistive touch screen?

2. Where is it used? 

3 Types of resistive touchscreens 

3.1 4-wire analog 

3.2 5-wire analog

3.3 8-wire analog

4. Advantages of Resistive Touch Screen

5. Drawbacks of resistive touch screens

6. Things to consider when choosing a resistive touchscreen.

6.1 4 vs. 5 Wire

6.2 Material

6.3 Moisture Resistance

6.4 Display

7. Things You Didn’t Know About Resistive Touchscreen Technology

7.1 It Supports a Stylus

7.2 Fewer Erroneous Commands

7.3 Increased Precision

7.4 It Supports Multi-Touch Commands

8. Final Words

A resistive touch screen monitor consists of a glass panel and a film screen separated by a short gap coated with a thin metallic coating.

1. What is a Resistive Touch Screen?

A resistive touch screen monitor consists of a glass panel and a film screen separated by a short gap coated with a thin metallic coating. These two metallic layers come together and generate an electrical flow when you contact the screen. This voltage difference is what detects the site of touch. After that, the voltages are translated into X, and Y coordinates are then sent to the controller.

2. Where Is It Used? 

Resistive touch screens are widely used in manufacturing, ATMs, kiosks, and medical equipment due to their longevity. Because most businesses require users to wear gloves while using touch screens, the resistive option is suitable because it does not need contact with exposed human skin or a capacitive stylus. Furthermore, resistive touch panels are less expensive and simpler to operate in harsh situations and industrial settings.

3. Types Of Resistive Touchscreens 

Electrodes that provide a constant voltage across the conductive region are used in resistive touch displays. When a portion of the two layers comes into contact, this produces a precise voltage readout. The kind of resistive layout impacts the monitor’s longevity and sensitivity. As a result, manufacturers provide a variety of resistive touch displays.

3.1 4-wire analog

Two electrodes are positioned perpendicularly in this configuration’s top and bottom layers. Electrodes on the bottom sheet are used in conjunction with electrodes on the top sheet to construct the positive and negative X-axis. Thanks to its electrical-coordinate configuration, the gadget can detect the coordinates whenever these two layers come into contact.

3.2 5-wire analog

The 5-wire analog arrangement has four electrodes at each corner of the bottom layer, connecting four wires. The circuit is more durable than previous designs due to a more straightforward design with fewer components.

3.3 8-wire analog

This is the most sensitive resistive touch screen that is currently available. The configuration of the 8-wire sensing circuit is identical to that of the 4-wire analog. There is one distinction, however: each bar electrode has two wires. This increases the circuit’s redundancy. However, the touch screen is very durable and aids in avoiding detecting the user’s finger or stylus incorrectly.

Types-of- resistive-touchscreen

Advantages of Resistive Touch Screen

Good resistance 

Resistive touch screens’ surfaces are more prone to wear and scratching than capacitive ones since the two layers of material they utilize are synthetic (rather than natural, like glass).

● Lower price tag

The cost of resistive touch panels is lower than that of capacitive touch displays, which have a more complicated technical structure.

The versatility of touch

Resistive touch screens may respond to a variety of different sorts of touch. Because they have more sensors per inch than capacitive touch displays, they can record input from gloved or ungloved fingertips at a precise point of contact.

 ● Lower sensitivity 

A resistive touch screen responds to touchless sensitively than a capacitive one. While sensitivity to touch might be beneficial, it is not in circumstances where random stimuli such as liquid spills and splatters can induce individuals to respond accidentally. As a result, resistive touch displays are often employed in industrial settings, while capacitive touch screens are found in consumer goods such as tablets and smartphones.


Drawbacks Of Resistive Touch Screens

  • Sensitivity to light touch is reduced.
  • The display’s clarity suffers as a consequence of the thick top layer.

Are you considering acquiring a resistive touchscreen? Whether it’s for business or play (or both), you’ll need to choose the appropriate kind. While all resistive touchscreens have two electrically resistive layers, they are different.

Things To Consider When Choosing A Resistive Touchscreen

1. Four-wire vs. five-Wire

Resistive touchscreens are often classed as four-wire or five-wire, depending on the technology used to detect touch instructions. Both four-wire and five-wire resistive touchscreens can read and react to your touch requests. On the other hand, five-wire resistive touchscreens have all of the electrodes on the bottom layer. On the other hand, four-wire resistive touchscreens have electrodes on both the bottom and top layers. As a consequence, five-wire resistive touchscreens outlast and outperform their four-wire equivalents.

2. Material

You should also examine the material used to make a resistive touchscreen. Pay close attention to the material employed in the device’s various layers. Two layers of glass are used in specific resistive touchscreens. On the other hand, others have a layer of glass and a layer of plastic. Glass layers provide superior visual clarity. On the other hand, plastic coatings are stronger and more resistant to breakage.

3. Moisture Resistance

If you want to use resistive touchscreens outdoors — or in other severe conditions — you should consider selecting a device that is moisture resistant. The good news is that most resistive touchscreens are designed to keep moisture out. Specific resistive touchscreens are more suited to damp or otherwise hostile situations than others.

4. Display

What kind of display technology is used by the resistive touchscreen?

A liquid-crystal display (LCD) has emerged as the dominant display technology in touchscreens, and resistive touchscreens are no exception. Although cathode-ray tube (CRT) displays are still used in touchscreens, LCD technology offers better visuals, making it the favoured option among touchscreen users and manufacturers alike.


Things You Didn’t Know About Resistive Touchscreen Technology

Capacitive touch-sensing technology is not used in all touchscreen devices. In recent years, capacitive touch-sensing technology has overtaken resistive touch-sensing technology as the dominant touch-sensing technology for tablet computers, cellphones, and other touchscreen devices. It’s quick, efficient, simple to use, and very adaptable. On the other hand, some touch screen gadgets employ resistive technology to recognize touch instructions. This piece will look at five facts regarding resistive touchscreen technology and how it works that you probably didn’t know.

1. It Supports a Stylus

Using a stylus is a significant benefit of resistive touchscreen technology. With a resistive touchscreen device, you may use your naked finger, a gloved finger, or a pen.

2. Fewer Erroneous Commands

When utilizing a resistive touchscreen device, you will encounter fewer erroneous instructions. Capacitive touchscreen devices are very responsive, thanks to their ability to recognize touch inputs. Even a mild touch will register as a touch command. Resistive touchscreen systems are less responsive because they recognize touch instructions depending on pressure. This is beneficial since resistive touchscreen devices will record fewer incorrect instructions.

3. Increased Precision

You may be shocked to hear that resistive touchscreen devices provide more accuracy than capacitive. This is because resistive touchscreen devices need a stylus. You may also use a stylus to touch certain portions of the UI swiftly. You will sense a greater size if you use your finger to operate a capacitive gadget. You can touch a smaller and more specific region using a pen to operate a resistive device.

4. It Uses Multiple Layers

Although there are several methods to construct a resistive touchscreen device, most have three or more layers. The most typical configuration has an upper and lower layer of flexible material separated by central air or inert gas layer. When you push your finger or pen against the interface, the top and lower layers make contact, enabling the device to recognize your point of contact.

7. Final Words 

The specific requirements of your application determine the usage of a resistive touchscreen. We hope that this tutorial makes it simpler for you to pick a resistive touchscreen. If you need more advice, please get in touch with us.